Lighting - Home
Proper lighting is the most important item in indoor
gardening. Adequate light is the key to photosynthesis. Without adequate
lighting, plants grow weakly, are leggy, and may even die. Our eyes
automatically adjust to varying light conditions, so what seems like bright
lighting can be useless for plant growth. Natural sunlight is ideal for plant
growth. For indoor gardening it is up to the gardener to supply the proper
color spectrum of light in adequate quantities, to replace the natural
There are many choices for lighting, but the two most
commonly used types of lighting include HID and Fluorescents. The most
important thing to know about grow lights is which one to use based on your
plant. Our experienced staff understands grow lights and the effects certain
one's will have on your garden. Visit us or call today to discuss your lighting
situation with us.
Fluorescent Lighting: Since fluorescent grow lights produce
just a fraction of the power of Metal Halide and High Pressure Sodium grow
lights, they are generally unsatisfactory for general use. They are useful for seed starting and for some compact hydroponics projects, but must be
placed very close to the plants. To cover a 2′ by 4′ area, you will need a
minimum of four 54-watt 4′ fluorescent bulbs placed as close to the growing
plants as possible. Even then, results may not be satisfactory and producing
fruits and vegetables will be difficult. Still, fluorescent grow lights are
well suited for seed starting and vegetative growth.
High Intensity Discharge: Both Metal Halide (MH) and High
Pressure Sodium (HPS) bulbs fall into this category. Their intensely bright
light makes them ideal for lighting indoor gardens. Both require reflector
housings and ballasts to operate. In almost all cases, the same reflectors and
switchable ballasts can be used for both MN and HPS bulbs. The area that these
forms of lighting can cover depends on their wattage. Ranging from 150 watts to
1000 watts, a single fixture can cover from a small self-contained hydroponics
garden up to 20-40 sq. ft. Large installations will require multiple fixtures.
Since HID lamps create a great deal of heat, proper venting or even ducting and
fans are usually needed.
Metal Halide: These bulbs produce an intense light of
blue-white spectrum, excellent for vegetative plant growth. A plant grown under
a metal halide light will often exhibit increased leaf growth and strong stem
and branch development. They are less suited for the flowering and fruiting
stages of most plants.
High Pressure Sodium: These lamps produce an orange light,
which simulates the autumn sun. HPS light is best for fruiting and flowering.
Fruit and flowers will be larger and more prolific when these lights are used. High-pressure sodium lights
are often used in commercial greenhouses. If there is to be only one light
source for the entire life of a flowering plant, HPS is the best economical
choice. Many indoor and hydroponics gardeners switch between MH and HPS bulbs,
depending on the growth cycle.
LED Lighting: Grow lights using efficient LED sources are
relatively new. Early versions of these lights had insufficient power to be
effective for most growers. Recently a new high-density LED array technology
was introduced that packs more LEDs and offers more power than previous LED
We Have The Right Light For You
No matter what you need when it comes to grow lights, we
have it all. We carry all lighting accessories and have many package specials
to offer. When it comes to your grow lights, there is no need to look any
further than us.